The UREX™ probiotic blend may support vaginal and urinary tract health
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12-50% of women worldwide experience vaginal infections, which can be caused by bacterial imbalances.5, 6, 7
50-75% experience vaginal infections that occur due to yeast8, 9 and 150 million people are affected by urinary tract infections each year.10
Bacterial balance supports a healthy vaginal environment
In the human vagina, there are microbes such as bacteria that are naturally present and are part of a healthy, balanced vaginal microbiota. These bacteria play a protective role by limiting the growth of potentially harmful microbes, such as harmful bacteria, including those harmful microbes associated with bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, and urinary tract infections.11, 12
The healthy vaginal microbiome is dominated by lactobacilli bacteria
In the majority of women, bacteria called lactobacilli are naturally dominant in the vagina11 and are thought to play a major role in protecting the vaginal environment from potentially harmful microbes. Lactobacilli bacteria do this in a number of ways, such as making the environment too acidic for potentially harmful bacteria to grow, competing for the nutrients that harmful bacteria need to grow, and producing substances that make it difficult for the harmful bacteria to grow.13, 14
Vaginal infections may occur when other bacteria overgrow
Vaginal infections can occur when the bacteria in the vaginal environment are out of balance. The most common infection is called bacterial vaginosis. The infection usually occurs when lactobacilli are no longer dominant and instead there is a greater presence of other bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium and Prevotella.15
Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a yeast infection associated with Candida. Usually, Candida live in parts of the body such as the vagina without any detrimental effects, but under certain conditions Candida can overgrow and cause an infection.15
Lactobacilli also dominate the healthy urinary tract microbiome
The urinary tract microbiome is also mostly composed of bacteria from the genus Lactobacillus. As in the vaginal microbiome, these lactobacilli bacteria are thought to inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria such as E. coli.16
Urinary tract infections usually occur due to presence of E.coli bacteria
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) may occur when the lactobacilli bacteria no longer dominate the urinary tract and potentially harmful microbes such as E.coli bacteria have increased in presence.16
Results from clinical studies suggest that UREX™ may help support vaginal and urinary tract health
The Chr. Hansen UREX™ blend is a combination of the GR-1® and RC-14® probiotic strains. The effect of the two strains on the urogenital tract has been extensively researched in human clinical studies.
UREX™ may support vaginal health
In several studies, daily intake of the UREX™ probiotic blend has been associated with improvement of the vaginal microbiota. In a high-quality scientific study, women with bacterial vaginosis were randomized to receive placebo or UREX™. After 6 weeks, significantly more women in the UREX™ group had a restored, balanced vaginal microbiota than women in the placebo group.17
A study of post-menopausal women with an unbalanced microbiota randomized the women to receive a placebo or UREX™ probiotic blend. After 4 weeks, the women who received the UREX™ blend had an improved vaginal microbiota that was within the normal, healthy range, whereas the balance of vaginal bacteria of the women in the placebo group was not significantly improved.1
Vaginal health may be supported when UREX™ is combined with antibiotics or antifungals
In two studies, combining UREXTM with antibiotic treatment was associated with greater improvement in bacterial vaginosis and symptoms than when antibiotics were combined with placebo, suggesting UREXTM may further support the effect of antibioitcs.3, 18 Read more.
The effect of UREXTM supplementation in combination with an antifungal agent to alleviate vulvovaginal candidiasis has also been investigated. In the study, women received either an antifungal agent plus UREXTM or the same antifungal agent plus placebo. After four weeks, the women who consumed UREXTM had significantly less vaginal discharge and lower presence of yeast than the women given placebo.4
UREXTM and the recurrence of UTIs
Women who experienced recurrent UTIs were randomized to consume UREXTM or a low-dose course of antibiotics for one year. Results from the study showed that the number of UTIs that occurred was significantly reduced in both groups and there was no significant difference in the number of infections between the groups receiving either antibiotics or UREXTM.2 The results of the study suggest that UREXTM may help support urinary tract health in women who experience recurrent UTIs.
The UREXTM probiotic blend may have an important role in supporting urogenital health
The UREXTM blend is a specific combination of the GR-1® and RC-14® probiotic strains and has been associated with supporting vaginal and urinary tract health. Specifically, studies suggest that UREXTM promotes vaginal and urinary tract health when used alone and in combination with antibiotic or antifungal treatments. In other studies, participants consuming the UREXTM blend experienced fewer recurrences of urinary tract infections.
Read more about our probiotics strains here.
GR-1®, RC-14® and UREXTM are trademarks of Chr. Hansen A/S.
The article is provided for informational purposes regarding probiotics and is not meant to suggest that any substance referenced in the article is intended to diagnose, cure, mitigate, treat, or prevent any disease.
The UREX™ blend is a combination of two probiotic bacterial strains, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, GR-1® and Lactobacillus reuteri, RC-14®. UREX™ has been associated with supporting female urogenital health.
UREX™, GR-1® and RC-14® are trademarks of Chr. Hansen A/S
1. Petricevic L, et al. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of oral lactobacilli to improve the vaginal flora of postmenopausal women. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2008;141(1):54-7. (PubMed)
2. Beerepoot MA, et al. [A study of non-antibiotic versus antibiotic prophylaxis for recurrent urinary-tract infections in women (the NAPRUTI study)]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2006;150(10):574-5. (PubMed)
3. Anukam K, et al. Augmentation of antimicrobial metronidazole therapy of bacterial vaginosis with oral probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14: randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Microbes Infect. 2006;8(6):1450-4. (PubMed)
4. Martinez RC, et al. Improved treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis with fluconazole plus probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2009;48(3):269-74. (PubMed)
5. Bradshaw CS, et al. Prevalent and Incident Bacterial Vaginosis Are Associated with Sexual and Contraceptive Behaviours in Young Australian Women. PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e57688. (PubMed)
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15. Ceccarani C, et al. Diversity of vaginal microbiome and metabolome during genital infections. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):14095. (PubMed)
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17. Vujic G, et al. Efficacy of orally applied probiotic capsules for bacterial vaginosis and other vaginal infections: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2013;168(1):75-9. (PubMed)
18. Martinez RC, et al. Improved cure of bacterial vaginosis with single dose of tinidazole (2 g), Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1, and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Can J Microbiol. 2009;55(2):133-8. (PubMed)